#CAA The citizenship amendment act (CAA) is mainly based on religion, forced on the exclusion of Muslims from those immigrants from India’s three Muslim majority Neighbors Pakistan Bangladesh and Afghanistan seeking India’s citizenship.CAA is a nationwide act and will be applied across India. However, many chief ministers have voiced to block this law in their states, constitutional experts believe the center is likely to have the last word on its application. The CAA applies only to the Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, Jain, Christian and Parsi minorities from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh, who faced oppression based on their religion. The law does not apply to any other outsider including Muslims, migrating to India from any other country.
NRC is a register which contains the names of all genuine Indian citizens it was first created in 1951 and implemented in Assam. This is designated to detect foreign nationals in the state that borders Bangladesh. NRC is not based on religion. It detects any illegal immigrants, regardless of their caste, creed or religion and suddenly deports them. The basic criteria to prove citizenship in Assam was that the names of applicant’s family members should either be in the first NRC prepared in 1951 or electoral rolls up to March 24, 1971. Other than that, applicants also had the option to provide other documents such as refugee registration certificate, birth certificate, LIC policy, land and tenancy records, citizenship certificate, passport, government-issued license or certificate, bank/post office accounts, permanent residential certificate, government employment certificate, educational certificate, and court records. However, Union Home Minister Amit Shah announced in the Parliament in November that the NRC will be applied across India.
The Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019 (CAB) was passed by the Indian Parliament on December 11, 2019, with 125 votes in favor and 105 votes against. The bill received formal approval from President Ram Nath Kovind on December 12, 2019. Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019, is proposed to grant Indian citizenship to the religious minorities which belong to three of India’s neighboring countries Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan due to religious oppression or the fear of being oppressed. This bill covers religious minorities belonging to six non-Muslim communities – Hindu, Sikh, Christian, Jain, Buddhist, and Parsi. These minorities will be eligible for Indian citizenship if they entered India on or before December 31, 2014.
Why Muslims protest against CAA NRC and CAB bills
The CAA CAB and NRC are a series of ongoing protests taking place in India nowadays. The protest is against the Citizenship Amendment Act, which was passed into law on 12 December 2019, and against proposals to pass a nationwide NRC. It was begun in Assam Delhi Meghalaya and some other states. Then it spreads across India, though the concerns of the manifests vary.
The manifests do not want to give Indian citizenship to any refugee or immigrant, regardless of their religion, because they were afraid of altering the demographic balance of the region. It may result in a loss of their political rights, culture, and land. They thought that it will motivate further migration from Bangladesh. In other parts of India, protesters thought that the new law is prejudice for Muslims. It is also unconstitutional, and they believe that this amendment should be eliminated. They concerned that Muslim citizens of India will be targeted by the CAA in combination with the proposed nationwide NRC. In this protest, students were also included.